Mortgages: What happens if I miss a payment?

  • In Business
  • 2023-02-01 15:34:13Z
  • By BBC
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The average interest rate charged by mortgage lenders is much higher than many homeowners have become accustomed to, adding to cost-of-living pressures.

So what can those struggling to make repayments do - and how must their mortgage provider help out?

What are tracker, variable and fixed mortgages?

There are different types of mortgages - all of which have become more costly in recent months.

  • Tracker rates rise and fall in line with the benchmark interest rate the Bank of England sets eight times a year

  • Standard variable rates (SVR) change at the discretion of the lender - a decision influenced by the Bank of England's rate but not directly linked

  • Fixed rates, used by about three-quarters of mortgage customers, are set for a certain number of years - usually two or five - after which borrowers remortgage or are automatically moved to an SVR

Mortgage rates have been rising, so the 1.6 million people on tracker or variable deals have been paying much more than a year ago.

The estimated 1.8 million homeowners coming to the end of a fixed deal this year are also facing a much higher monthly bill.

What next for mortgage rates?

That is difficult to answer. Analysts expect Bank of England interest rates to peak at about 4.5% this summer.

For anyone on tracker deals, at least, that means higher repayments to come.

Recent data indicates that rates on fixed-rate deals have fallen slightly after surging last year.

House prices have also started to fall as higher interest rates put off buyers.

The Nationwide Building Society says that property prices have fallen for five months in a row.

However, a decade or so of ultra-low mortgage rates - which many homeowners have become accustomed to - is clearly over.

Click here to see the BBC interactive

Will mortgages be difficult to secure?

There is a smaller choice, but still plenty of options depending on your circumstances.

An agreement between lenders, the Treasury and regulators means that people can switch to a new fixed-rate mortgage, without a new affordability test, when your current deal ends as long as you are up to date with payments.

What happens if I miss a mortgage payment?

A shortfall equivalent to two or more months' repayments means you are officially in arrears.

But your lender must make reasonable attempts to reach an agreement with you.

In fact, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) - which regulates mortgage lenders - wrote to chief executives reminding them they must treat customers fairly.

Crucially, customers must contact their lender as soon as they realise they are going to struggle to make repayments - the earlier the better. Trained and experienced staff must be on hand to help.

  • What happens when house prices fall?

  • Why are prices rising so much?

What must my lender do initially?

Within 15 working days of falling into arrears, your lender must:

  • Tell you how much your arrears add up to

  • List the missed payments

  • Explain how much is outstanding on the mortgage

  • Outline any charges

Your lender must then treat you fairly by considering any requests about changing how you pay, perhaps with lower repayments for a short period.

Any arrangement you come to, the FCA points out, will be reflected on your credit file - affecting your ability to borrow money in the future - as will any missed payments.

Your lender might also suggest or allow you to extend the term of the mortgage or let you pay just the interest for a certain period of time.

Can I take a mortgage holiday?

A mortgage payment holiday enables customers to delay repayments - but not indefinitely.

Lenders may offer this option, depending on individual circumstances - and not to those already in arrears - but the level of support offered during the Covid pandemic has been reduced.

Again, this will show on your credit file.

The devolved governments run some mortgage-support schemes - but the criteria can be complex. Here is a guide from the government-backed Moneyhelper website.

Could I lose my home?

Some people may decide to sell their home and - in extreme circumstances - the lender could take court action to repossess it.

Repossessions are far rarer than they used to be.

There are lots of stages before a lender can take such action and the whole process takes about two years.

But if you think your home is at risk, it is well worth getting free, independent debt advice.


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