Explainer-Why U.S. seeks closer security cooperation with the Philippines

  • In Business
  • 2023-02-02 18:47:09Z
  • By Reuters

By David Brunnstrom and Karen Lema

WASHINGTON/MANILA (Reuters) - The Philippines this week granted the United States greater access to its military bases, amid mounting concern over China's intentions toward self-ruled Taiwan and Beijing's extensive claims in the disputed South China Sea.

Here are answers to some questions about the U.S.-Philippines relationship:


The Philippines will give the United States access to four more locations under the 2014 Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA), which allows for joint training, pre-positioning of equipment and the building of facilities such as runways, fuel storage and military housing, but not a permanent presence.

In announcing the deal, which brings the total number of EDCA sites to nine, the two sides did not specify where the new facilities will be located, noting they were still consulting local governments.

Manila's former military chief said last year Washington had asked for access to bases on the main northern island of Luzon, the closest part of the Philippines to Taiwan, and on Palawan, near the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.

Southeast Asia Expert Gregory Poling at Washington's Center for Strategic and International Studies said the sites would be in "strategic areas" and likely include navy and perhaps Marine Corps facilities.

"The choice of new sites in Luzon will be the most telling," he said, listing the new Philippine Navy facility at the former Hanjin Shipyard in Subic Bay and a facility in northern Luzon, such as at the coastal Cagayan Province, as other possibilities.


The Philippines is a former U.S. colony and became a U.S. treaty ally in 1951, five years after independence. During the Cold War, it hosted some of America's largest overseas bases, facilities vital to the wars in Korea and Vietnam. Philippine nationalism forced Washington to vacate those in the 1990s, but the allies have since cooperated on counter-terrorism and in response to rising Chinese military pressure in the South China Sea, where the Philippines has rival claims.

Of the five U.S. treaty allies in the Indo-Pacific - Australia, South Korea, Japan, the Philippines and Thailand - the Philippines is closest to Taiwan, its northernmost land mass of Luzon just 200 km (120 miles) away.

Experts say Luzon is of great interest to the U.S. military as a potential location for rockets, missiles and artillery systems that could be used to counter an amphibious invasion of Taiwan.

A senior U.S. official called EDCA a Biden administration priority and "part of our strategic effort across the region."

The political environment for greater military access improved under Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos after a rocky period of relations under his predecessor Rodrigo Duterte, who sought closer ties with China.

China has said greater U.S. access to Philippine military bases undermines regional stability and raises tensions.

"This is an act that escalates tensions in the region and endangers regional peace and stability," China's foreign ministry spokesperson Mao Ning told a regular briefing on Thursday.


Poling says it would be difficult for Manila to remain neutral in a Taiwan conflict given its proximity and its treaty obligations to Washington. It would be the most likely destination for Taiwanese refugees and some 150,000 Filipinos living on the island would be endangered by any Chinese attack.

Jose Manuel Romualdez, Manila's ambassador to Washington and a relative of Marcos, said last year Manila would let U.S. forces use its bases in the event of a Taiwan conflict only "if it is important for us, for our own security."

Speaking to Reuters this week, Romualdez highlighted the Filipino workers on Taiwan and said Manila would respect its defense treaty with the United States.


Poling said providing Manila funding to modernize its long-neglected armed forces was key. Washington recently announced $100 million in foreign military financing and $82 million for EDCA sites, but amounts are small compared to what Washington sends to the Middle East and Ukraine.

"The second Philippine demand is a continued clear commitment to defend Filipinos in the South China Sea," Poling said. "They have that rhetorically, but the question for both sides is, do they have it functionally? If there was a Chinese attack on a Philippine base in the South China Sea tomorrow, could the Americans actually do anything about it? And that is far less clear, which is another reason EDCA is so important."

(Reporting by David Brunnstrom and Karen Lema; Editing by Don Durfee and Josie Kao)


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked with *

Cancel reply


  • Josephcer
    (2023-02-19 20:25:30Z)

    You expressed that effectively!
    https://essaywritingserviceahrefs.com/ writing an essay intro

  • Onmtmu
    (2023-02-22 07:35:33Z)

    purchase lanoxin generic order lanoxin 250mg without prescription buy molnupiravir pills

  • Xuqdfs
    (2023-02-24 00:58:47Z)

    acetazolamide cost order acetazolamide 250 mg generic order imuran 50mg online cheap

  • Dtqbom
    (2023-02-25 12:03:14Z)

    digoxin 250mg oral oral digoxin 250 mg order molnunat 200mg sale

  • Fwlqdi
    (2023-02-27 20:48:39Z)

    order coreg 25mg oral coreg 25mg elavil order

  • Fmplqk
    (2023-02-28 09:15:08Z)

    amoxicillin pills buy generic amoxil stromectol prices

  • Andrewsaumn
    (2023-02-28 11:22:28Z)

    Superb postings. Thanks a lot!
    can google do my homework for kids homework help cpm i need motivation to do my homework

  • StevenWrene
    (2023-03-01 05:17:52Z)

    Amazing plenty of terrific facts!
    best paper writing service 2018 reddit research paper writing services paper writing service for college students

  • Sbtqvt
    (2023-03-01 08:43:59Z)

    alendronate online order purchase motrin sale purchase ibuprofen pill

  • Jrunob
    (2023-03-01 21:01:59Z)

    dapoxetine online buy buy avanafil 100mg for sale buy domperidone online cheap

  • Fitcki
    (2023-03-02 20:34:38Z)

    order pamelor 25 mg online pamelor 25mg usa buy paroxetine 10mg pill

  • Ehnjwc
    (2023-03-03 09:56:07Z)

    order indomethacin 75mg sale buy tamsulosin 0.4mg generic order cenforce generic

  • Majpmn
    (2023-03-04 08:43:01Z)

    order famotidine online cheap purchase remeron generic buy mirtazapine 30mg without prescription

  • Hectordex
    (2023-03-04 10:16:48Z)

    Many thanks. I like it!
    cheap write my essay how to teach my child to write an essay write my assignment for me uk

  • Nezonu
    (2023-03-04 23:27:42Z)

    oral doxycycline purchase doxycycline generic medrol 8 mg without prescription

  • ManuelLitle
    (2023-03-06 04:28:12Z)

    Regards! Useful information.
    where to buy essays buy admission essays pay someone to write paper argumentative essays for sale
    cheap essay writing letter writing service berkeley essay writing meme linkedin profile writing service uk
    criminology dissertation https://essaywritingservicebbc.com

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-06 09:05:23Z)

    You actually reported it very well!
    data analysis in dissertation my dissertation cheap dissertation help mba dissertation help uk

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-06 17:18:52Z)

    Nicely put. Thanks a lot!
    homework coursework info coursework writing help do i have to force my child to do homework
    essay help service myassignmenthelp njhs essay help how to write a college essay
    order dissertation https://essaywritingservicelinked.com

  • ManuelLitle
    (2023-03-06 23:36:00Z)

    Wow loads of very good material!
    write papers for me write my paper can i pay someone to write a paper for me how to write an apa paper
    dissertation abstracts international dissertation abstracts international online doctoral dissertation proposal dissertation abstracts international
    writing a good persuasive essay https://buyanessayscheaponline.com

  • Iudehi
    (2023-03-06 23:57:50Z)

    tadacip online buy purchase clopidogrel for sale brand amoxicillin 500mg

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-07 07:01:00Z)

    Useful stuff. Thanks.
    resume writing services aaa resume and writing service essay writing in english best capstone project writing service

  • Kodvcq
    (2023-03-07 08:13:18Z)

    tricor without prescription sildenafil pills 100mg buy generic sildenafil 50mg

  • ManuelLitle
    (2023-03-07 20:00:27Z)

    Wow all kinds of excellent material!
    writing a terms of service agreement professional cv and cover letter writing service essays writing service statement of purpose writing service bangalore
    essay writing service singapore thesis research paper thesis customer service thesis pdf thesis writing service near me
    help in assignment writing https://buycheapessaysonline.com

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-07 20:46:39Z)

    Good content. With thanks!
    online essays for sale buy nursing essay college essay writer for pay buy essays online
    buy essays papers pay to get essays written buy essay papers buy essays online
    thesis services https://bestmasterthesiswritingservice.com

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-08 03:22:24Z)

    Cheers. I appreciate it!
    i cant write my college essay essay on things i like to do during my pastime write my essay now write my essays discount code

  • Mbyrwd
    (2023-03-08 13:55:36Z)

    esomeprazole 20mg usa nexium online furosemide 40mg over the counter

  • Vjgswz
    (2023-03-08 22:14:37Z)

    order cialis online cheap Buy discount cialis online female viagra sildenafil

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-08 23:40:32Z)

    Whoa many of good knowledge!
    thesis proposal example thesis statement about thesis on service delivery and customer satisfaction informative thesis statements
    custom essay writing service cheap essay service article writing service unique article writing service
    learning to write essays https://studentessaywriting.com

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-08 23:46:42Z)

    Very well voiced really. !
    i do my homework in the morning do my math homework free coursework info coursework writing services

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-09 18:23:29Z)

    You actually expressed it effectively!
    constructing a thesis statement research thesis thesis writing online service quality in banks thesis

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-10 02:08:05Z)

    Wonderful forum posts, Kudos.
    best custom papers paper writing service same day term paper writing services reviews buying papers online
    nursing dissertation online dissertation writing online dissertation help veroffentlichen phd research proposal help
    how to conclude a college essay https://researchpaperwriterservices.com

  • Qbshuf
    (2023-03-10 02:16:18Z)

    generic minocycline 50mg purchase neurontin order hytrin

  • ManuelLitle
    (2023-03-10 05:11:04Z)

    Amazing tons of amazing information.
    pay to do paper professional essay writers essay writers website that will write a paper for you
    essay writing service cheap uk how to start an essay writing professional essay writing custom article writing service
    writing service online https://buycheapessaysonline.com

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-10 12:13:37Z)

    Cheers, Great information!
    help me write my essay help me write my scholarship essay essay writer online uk help me write a profile for a dating site

  • Kokppc
    (2023-03-10 12:58:30Z)

    cialis 40mg price cialis professional buy ed pills canada

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-11 04:27:37Z)

    Superb tips. With thanks!
    dissertation writing define dissertation pay for dissertation uk statistics for dissertation
    do my accounting homework coursework writing help i didn t do my homework excuses where should i do my homework
    buy essays for college https://paperwritingservicecheap.com

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-11 23:14:43Z)

    Thanks a lot, I enjoy it.
    argumentative essay help buy essay homework essay help descriptive essay helper

  • Byhuti
    (2023-03-12 00:55:39Z)

    glucophage 1000mg ca order metformin 500mg sale order tamoxifen 10mg generic

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-12 06:52:17Z)

    Amazing stuff. Thanks.
    proposal paper buy custom term papers research paper services help with a research paper
    coursework writing help do my sociology homework buy coursework online how to motivate myself to do my homework
    cheap essay buy https://domyhomeworkformecheap.com

  • Rydabu
    (2023-03-12 09:05:59Z)

    purchase provigil without prescription modafinil 100mg us purchase promethazine online

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-12 15:12:26Z)

    Regards, Awesome information!
    paper writing service cheap academic paper writing service where can i buy resume paper research paper writing service cheap

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-13 01:26:30Z)

    Seriously many of good facts!
    online essay writer online paper writer english paper writer write paper for me

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-13 09:07:29Z)

    Wonderful material. Thanks a lot!
    my essay service how to advertise resume writing service linkedin writing service uk cheap reliable essay writing service

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-13 09:14:49Z)

    Good information. Thank you!
    do my chemistry homework looking for someone to do my homework i don t want to do my homework anymore someone do my homework online
    write my book report for me your essay writer what are your strengths and weaknesses as a writer essay can you write a story for me
    help with report writing https://essaywritingservicehelp.com

  • ManuelLitle
    (2023-03-13 17:13:25Z)

    Nicely put, Kudos.
    last minute paper writing service reviews of research paper writing service college paper writing service china chinese healthcare health care buying papers online
    essay writing practice what is essay writing service essay writting essay writing service ethics
    buy an essays https://cheapessaywriteronlineservices.com

  • Rosqhb
    (2023-03-13 22:08:24Z)

    generic clomid 100mg prednisolone 10mg generic order generic prednisolone

  • Rcisdh
    (2023-03-14 03:05:26Z)

    order deltasone 5mg without prescription amoxicillin 500mg cheap amoxil 500mg sale

  • Roshbk
    (2023-03-15 19:09:03Z)

    isotretinoin 10mg pills buy ampicillin 250mg pill acillin cost

  • Msfyzh
    (2023-03-16 00:30:08Z)

    order sildenafil without prescription lyrica 150mg for sale order finasteride online

  • Ehdumv
    (2023-03-17 18:02:03Z)

    ivermectin cream canada cost buy prednisone 5mg sale prednisone medication

  • Zlukmm
    (2023-03-17 23:53:55Z)

    ondansetron 4mg over the counter amoxicillin 500mg us order bactrim 480mg generic

  • Kypxhm
    (2023-03-19 22:19:35Z)

    accutane 40mg oral generic zithromax order azithromycin 500mg for sale

  • Lzaqmd
    (2023-03-20 01:14:27Z)

    ventolin generic synthroid 150mcg generic order amoxiclav generic

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-21 07:57:28Z)

    Nicely put, With thanks.
    essay writing practice how much is a resume writing service top executive resume writing service professional research paper writing service

  • ManuelLitle
    (2023-03-21 19:22:14Z)

    You actually said this wonderfully.
    thank you for teaching me how to read and write write my paper for me can you write a poem for me write my persuasive essay for me
    extended essay help my essay help college application essay help helping people essay
    customized essay https://phdthesisdissertation.com

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-21 22:14:40Z)

    Superb stuff. Appreciate it.
    top rated essay writing service essay writing topics college essays writing freelance article writing service

  • Djlvbp
    (2023-03-22 01:10:32Z)

    provigil drug metoprolol 50mg uk metoprolol 50mg over the counter

  • Lnizqp
    (2023-03-22 09:28:43Z)

    prednisolone 40mg over the counter purchase lasix sale furosemide generic

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-22 12:17:20Z)

    You actually expressed that exceptionally well.
    coursework writing service i didn t do my homework what do i do i do my homework in spanish do my math homework for me online

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-23 03:23:21Z)

    Reliable postings. With thanks!
    help with nursing essays national honor society essay help i need help writing my college essay rutgers essay help

  • ManuelLitle
    (2023-03-23 07:37:28Z)

    Lovely material, Thanks!
    grad school essay writing service essay writing service near me professional essay writing service essay writing service websites
    college essay writing how to advertise resume writing service college essay writing service essay writing rules
    how to write descriptive essay https://helpwritingdissertation.com

  • Patrickhar
    (2023-03-23 17:51:04Z)

    Kudos, I enjoy this!
    do my finance homework for me can someone do my homework assignment do my communication homework idk how to do my homework

  • Ybsgdy
    (2023-03-24 00:14:00Z)

    purchase dutasteride online buy xenical 120mg for sale xenical 60mg usa

  • Afnmgq
    (2023-03-24 20:30:10Z)

    order doxycycline 100mg online cheap buy vardenafil 20mg online cheap purchase zovirax pill

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-25 13:16:08Z)

    Seriously quite a lot of terrific advice!
    buy already written essays online pay for research papers pay people to write papers pay essay

  • Ultwnw
    (2023-03-25 23:26:13Z)

    imuran sale buy azathioprine 50mg online naprosyn oral

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-26 11:59:54Z)

    Thanks. A good amount of write ups.
    published dissertations online dissertation summary help with dissertation dissertation pay

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-27 11:03:45Z)

    Wow a good deal of awesome knowledge!
    buy an essay paper online buy an essay online reviews buy essay papers argumentative essay for sale

  • Qqdiqf
    (2023-03-27 15:07:13Z)

    generic oxybutynin 5mg buy tacrolimus 1mg sale purchase oxcarbazepine generic

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-27 17:05:05Z)

    Whoa many of terrific facts.
    write your dissertation write my dissertation for me write your dissertation published dissertations online
    nerd do my homework do my college math homework should i do my homework or sleep do my math homework and show work free
    along these lines writing paragraphs and essays https://payforanessaysonline.com

  • Wweehd
    (2023-03-27 21:21:29Z)

    cefdinir generic omnicef brand pantoprazole 20mg without prescription

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-28 09:51:11Z)

    Wow all kinds of useful facts!
    do my finance homework for me i always do my homework at the last minute do my homework online someone to do my homework

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-29 14:58:12Z)

    Cheers. Good information!
    can someone write my paper do my paper for money pay to write papers find someone to write my paper
    buy a research paper online term paper helper research proposal dissertation term papers written for you
    help writing grad school essay https://essayservicehelp.com

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-30 07:49:48Z)

    Appreciate it, Plenty of material!
    essay writing service 3 hours architecture essay writing service essay writing service usa professional resume writing service atlanta

  • BrandonBuh
    (2023-03-30 14:03:13Z)

    Regards! Useful information!
    thesis description apa style thesis statement thesis proposal example writing a history thesis
    cheap essay writer write my essay today reviews pay to write my essay for me idk what to write my college essay about
    how to write a discursive essay https://essaywritingservicelinked.com

  • Andrewnit
    (2023-03-31 06:55:09Z)

    This is nicely said! .
    university essay writing service order essay writing service essay writing website online will writing service reviews

  • Omncsy
    (2023-03-31 09:47:39Z)

    sildenafil pills 150mg sildenafil 25mg price order cialis 40mg generic


Top News: Business