(Bloomberg) -- House committees investigating President Donald Trump released transcripts Tuesday of closed-door testimony from Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sondland and former special envoy Kurt Volker.
The Sondland transcript is here, and Volker's transcript is here.
Volker Defends Biden's Ukraine Policy (1:53 p.m.)
Volker warned Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani that allegations raised by former Ukraine prosecutor Yuriy Lutsenko were not credible, and he defended Joe Biden's push to have Ukraine fire him when Biden served as vice president.
Read excerpts from the Kurt Volker interview here.
"He was executing U.S. policy at the time and what was widely understood internationally to be the right policy," Volker told the committees.
He said that when Trump officials recommended to the president on May 23 that he schedule an Oval Office meeting with Ukraine's new president, Trump said Ukrainians "tried to take me down" and said they should talk to Giuliani.
Volker testified that he was never told why Trump withheld security aid from Ukraine, saying it struck him as "unusual" because the Pentagon, the State Department and the National Security Council all thought the aid was "really important."
Volker said he first learned of the aid freeze on July 18, a week before Trump's call with Ukraine's president -- and he assumed the aid would eventually be released given the support for it inside the administration.
Sondland Cites Conditions for Trump Meeting (1:45 p.m.)
Sondland testified that a promise by Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden's son and the 2016 election was a condition that "would have to be complied with" for the country's leaders to get a meeting with Trump.
Read excerpts from the Gordon Sondland deposition here.
"That was my understanding," Sondland said in excerpts of his interview transcript released by House Democrats on Tuesday.
Sondland says the requests for the Ukrainian government, led by Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani, were initially just related to corruption, but "kept getting more insidious" as time went on. He said he wasn't aware of the connection between the Bidens and the Ukrainian gas company Burisma until later, at least after July.
Sondland said Secretary of State Michael Pompeo described Giuliani's involvement in foreign affairs as "something we have to deal with."
"People usually smiled when they heard Rudy's name because he was always swirling around somewhere," Sondland said.
Sondland, Volker Interview Excerpts Released (1:32 p.m.)
House committees leading the inquiry released excerpts from Sondland and Volker's testimony. The excerpts for Sondland can be found here. The excerpts for Volker can be found here.
Sondland and Volker had pivotal roles in the Trump administration's interactions with Ukraine that are at the heart of the impeachment probe. They and Energy Secretary Rick Perry were the "three amigos" deputized by the White House to help Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani lead back-channel administration overtures to Ukraine.
The releases are part of House Democrats' effort to open the impeachment process ahead of public hearings expected later this month. Republicans have criticized the private depositions that were attended by members of both parties who sit on the House Intelligence, Foreign Affairs and Oversight committees. -- Billy House
Mulvaney Asked to Appear for Questioning (12:39 p.m.)
Acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney was asked to appear for questioning this Friday by the three House committees leading the inquiry.
The committee leaders said in a statement that their probe shows he may have been "directly involved" in an effort led by Trump, his personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani and others to "withhold a coveted White House meeting and nearly $400 million in security assistance in order to pressure Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to pursue investigations that would benefit President Trump's personal political interests, and jeopardized our national security in attempting to do so."
The committee leaders cited Mulvaney's Oct. 17 press conference in which he acknowledged a political motivation for withholding aid to Ukraine, rather than the national interests of the U.S.
The invitation to appear follows an Oct. 4 subpoena for White House documents. The White House didn't respond to the demand. -- Billy House
White House Aide Doesn't Appear for Hearing (9:34 a.m.)
Griffith has not arrived for his closed-door testimony and is not expected to, according to an official familiar with the actions of the three House committees leading the inquiry.
Duffey's testimony is scheduled for Tuesday afternoon, but White House officials have said that he won't appear. -- Billy House
Marie Yovanovitch, the former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, said she was warned by officials in the country that Rudy Giuliani was maneuvering against her and that the Ukrainian officials were concerned about getting dragged into U.S. politics, according to a transcript of her testimony released Monday.The transcript from Michael McKinley, former senior adviser to Secretary of State Michael Pompeo, shows he proposed publishing a statement of support for Yovanovitch after Trump's criticism of her became public, but Pompeo didn't put out the statement.None of the four scheduled Trump administration witnesses appeared Monday to be deposed by House investigators. They are National Security Council attorney John Eisenberg; Robert Blair, aide to White House acting Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney; Michael Ellis, deputy legal adviser to the NSC; and Brian McCormack, an associate director at the Office of Management and Budget.Other transcripts were released Monday. The link to former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch's transcript is here and here; the transcript of Michael McKinley, former senior adviser to the secretary of state, is here.
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