He made the claim during an interview with Ukrainian TV host Natalia Moseichuk.
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According to Budanov, there are experts in Ukrainian intelligence who know this issue well.
"Personally, I am no 'Putin expert,' let's put it this way," said Budanov. "But as for me, I can certainly personally discern three doubles right away. How many there really are - all it takes is just to dig deeper into the matter.
Read also: Will Ukraine invasion condemn Putin to place among Russia's worst rulers?
He also noted that the Russian Federation had many officials who had wanted to stop the full-scale invasion of Ukraine, as they were aware of what the consequences would be.
"But, as you know, all decisions are taken exclusively by one man," Budanov said.
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"And he was only given information that they wanted him to see."
"Besides, certain internal Kremlin showdowns took place, which had a strong influence on the final decision (to attack and invade Ukraine)."