LONDON (AP) - Winners of the 2021 Nobel Prizes began receiving their awards on Monday in scaled-down local ceremonies adapted for pandemic times.
For a second year, the coronavirus has scuttled the traditional formal banquet in Stockholm attended by winners of the prizes in chemistry, physics, medicine, literature and economics, which were announced in October. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded separately in Oslo, Norway.
Literature laureate Abdulrazak Gurnah was first to get his prize in a lunchtime ceremony Monday at the Swedish ambassador's grand Georgian residence in central London.
Ambassador Mikaela Kumlin Granit said the U.K.-based Tanzanian author had been awarded the Nobel Prize in literature for his "uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents."
"Customarily you would receive the prize from the hands of His Majesty, the king of Sweden," she told Gurnah at the ceremony attended by friends, family and colleagues. "However, this year you will be celebrated with a distance forced upon us because of the pandemic."
Gurnah, who grew up on the island of Zanzibar and arrived in England as an 18-year-old refugee in the 1960s, has drawn on his experiences for 10 novels, including "Memory of Departure," "Pilgrims Way," "Afterlives" and "Paradise." He has said migration is "not just my story - it's a phenomenon of our times."
Later Monday, Italian physics laureate Giorgio Parisi is due to receive his prize at a ceremony in Rome. U.S.-based physics laureate Syukuro Manabe, chemistry laureate David W.C. MacMillan and economic sciences laureate Joshua D. Angrist will be given their medals and diplomas in Washington.
More ceremonies will be held throughout the week in Germany and the United States. On Friday - the anniversary of the death of prize founder Albert Nobel - there will be a celebratory ceremony at Stockholm City Hall for a local audience, including King Carl XVI Gustav and senior Swedish royals.
A Nobel Prize comes with a diploma, a gold medal and a 10-milion krona ($1.15 million) cash award, which is shared if there are multiple winners.
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo because Nobel wanted it that way, for reasons he kept to himself. A ceremony is due to be held there on Friday for the winners, journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia.
Norwegian news agency NTB said the peace prize festivities would be scaled down, with fewer guests and participants required to wear face masks. Norway has seen an uptick in cases of the new omicron variant of the virus, and a spokesman for the Norwegian Nobel Committee told NTB that the committee was "in constant contact with the health authorities in Oslo."
Jan M. Olsen in Copenhagen contributed to this report from Copenhagen, Denmark.