Since the Jan. 3 drone strike that killed Qassem Soleimani, Iran's most important general, the Trump administration has offered shifting rationales for the attack. Here are some of the administration's evolving justifications.
The "decision to eliminate Soleimani" was "in response to imminent threats to American lives."
- Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, on Twitter
Soleimani, the head of Iran's elite security and intelligence forces, was deemed responsible for the deaths of hundreds of American troops in Iraq. Neither President George W. Bush nor President Barack Obama ordered him killed, judging that such a move could lead to war in Iran.
Later in the morning, appearing on CNN, Pompeo elaborated on the administration's justification for the strike, saying that Soleimani "was actively plotting in the region to take actions, a big action as he described it, that would have put dozens if not hundreds of American lives at risk."
This action would have taken place "not just in Iraq," he added. "It was throughout the region."
The question facing the Trump administration was, what was different now about Soleimani's plans that necessitated risking war with Iran? Since the strike against the Iranian general, administration officials have struggled to answer that question.
"Soleimani was plotting imminent and sinister attacks on American diplomats and military personnel, but we caught him in the act."
- President Donald Trump, in remarks to reporters
The president joined in the description of the attack as "imminent," and against the backdrop of a public worried about an imminent shooting war with Iran, he insisted: "We took action last night to stop a war. We did not take action to start a war."
But launching a drone strike against a military commander of a sovereign state is a lot different than launching a strike against a stateless terrorist leader. The administration took the action without consulting Congress. Now Democrats in the House and the Senate, along with some Republicans, demanded a justification for the strike, and a description of the "imminent" attack.
"It's never one thing. … It's a collective. It's a full situational awareness of risk and analysis."
- Pompeo, on "Meet the Press"
Pompeo played down the importance of an "imminent attack" in the decision to kill Soleimani, despite the fact that the Trump administration had been highlighting a specific threat for days since the strike on Soleimani.
- Gen. Mark A. Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in remarks to reporters
Milley was more specific than other administration officials when pressed on what "imminent" attacks meant. But other military and intelligence officials disputed his timeline and said Soleimani had not yet received permission from Iran's supreme leader to carry out an attack.
"If you're looking for imminence, you need look no further than the days that led up to the strike that was taken against Soleimani."
- Pompeo, in a news conference
Pompeo, referring to a rocket attack by an Iranian-backed militia that led to the death of an American contractor in Iraq, further emphasized previous actions connected to Soleimani in justifying the strike, conflating them with the "imminent threats" he presented.
The administration continued to make emphatic but vague assertions of intelligence indicating an imminent threat by Soleimani. Milley would later tell reporters that not taking forceful action to stop the imminent attack would be a dereliction of duty. But officials still did not describe the threat in detail.
"We caught a total monster and we took him out. … We did it because they were looking to blow up our embassy."
- Trump, in a news conference
Trump made his first remarks identifying a specific threat against a specific target in the region: the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad.
But later in the news conference, Trump appeared to conflate the suggested threat of bombing the embassy with protesters who had broken into the embassy compound at the time.
"If you look at those protesters, they were rough warriors. They were Iranian-backed," Trump said. "Had they gotten through, I believe we would have either had a hostage situation or we would've had a, worse, we would've had a lot of people killed."
Trump's assertions came on the same day that his own officials were still refusing to go into detail with members of Congress during briefings on Capitol Hill. Defense officials say that their hands were tied because the intelligence was classified. Disclosing it, they said, could compromise intelligence sources.
"There were a series of imminent attacks that were being plotted by Qassem Soleimani. We don't know precisely when and we don't know precisely where."
- Pompeo, on Fox News
Pompeo raised further questions about the "imminent attack" Soleimani was planning when he said the U.S. did not have specific intelligence on where or when an attack would take place.
"Those are completely consistent thoughts. … This was going to happen. And American lives were at risk."
- Pompeo, in a news conference
Pompeo was insisting that the attacks were still "imminent" even though the U.S. did not know specifically where or when they would take place.
There appeared to be a disconnect at this point between Trump administration officials and skeptics. The officials insisted that the threats were imminent but gave no specifics. Skeptics pointed to the Iraq War, when the Bush administration's claim that Saddam Hussein was harboring weapons of mass destruction turned out to be untrue.
"I think it would have been four embassies. Could have been military bases, could have been a lot of other things too. But it was imminent."
- Trump, on Fox News
Trump asserted without evidence that four U.S. embassies, not just the one in Baghdad, had been targeted by Soleimani.
"I didn't see one with regard to four embassies. I share the president's view that probably - my expectation was they were going to go after our embassies."
- Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper on CBS's "Face the Nation"
Esper appeared to contradict Trump, saying that he never saw any specific piece of evidence that Iran was planning an attack on four U.S. embassies.
In another interview on CNN's "State of the Union," Esper declined to answer the same question, saying that he was "not going to discuss intelligence matters here on the show."
This was the second time in a week that the Pentagon contradicted Trump on Iran. The first time was when Trump threatened to target Iranian cultural sites if Tehran attacked the U.S. Esper later said that the U.S. military would follow international laws governing armed conflict, which make targeting cultural sites a war crime.
This article originally appeared in The New York Times.
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