TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan's factory activity contracted for a third straight month in January, a private survey showed on Wednesday, although manufacturers' outlook remained upbeat on improved supply and price conditions.
Amid worsening global economic conditions, Japanese companies are facing calls for higher wage hikes at spring labour talks to counter inflation and support the consumption-led recovery in the world's third-largest economy.
The au Jibun Bank Japan Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index was at 48.9 in January, unchanged from the flash reading and the previous month's final figure, which was the weakest level since October 2020.
"Subdued global economic conditions continued to hold back customer demand across the Japanese manufacturing sector," said Tim Moore, economics director at S&P Global Market Intelligence, which compiles the survey.
The data follows weak December factory output figuresreleased on Tuesday.
Output and new orders contracted for a seventh consecutive month in January, although at a slower pace than in the previous two months, the S&P survey's subindexes showed.
On the bright side, supplier delays were the least prevalent since February 2021, suggesting improvement in the tight supply of parts such as semiconductors. Input and output price inflation were the slowest in 16 months.
"Hopes of a sustained improvement in supplier performance, alongside a reduced headwind from the pandemic, helped to support a further upturn in business confidence at the start of 2023," Moore said.
Around three times as many manufacturers in the survey expect production to expand in the next 12 months as those that foresee a contraction, according to Moore.
The subindex gauging respondents' future output rose to a three-month high, the data showed.
(This story has been refiled to fix the typographical error in the second paragraph)
(Reporting by Kantaro Komiya; Editing by Kim Coghill)
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