Congo's Ebola outbreak now 2nd largest in history, WHO says




Congo
Congo's Ebola outbreak now 2nd largest in history, WHO says  

JOHANNESBURG (AP) -- Congo's deadly Ebola outbreak is now the second largest in history, behind the devastating West Africa outbreak that killed thousands a few years ago, the World Health Organization said Thursday.

WHO's emergencies chief, Dr. Peter Salama, called it a "sad toll" as Congo's health ministry announced the number of cases has reached 426. That includes 379 confirmed cases and 47 probable ones. So far this outbreak, declared on Aug. 1, has 198 confirmed deaths, with another 47 probable ones, Congo's health ministry said.

Attacks by rebel groups and open hostility by some wary locals have posed serious challenges to health workers that Ebola experts say they've never been seen before. Many venture out on critical virus containment missions only accompanied by U.N. peacekeepers in areas where gunfire echoes daily.

Salama this month predicted that the outbreak in northeastern Congo will last at least another six months before it can be contained. West Africa's Ebola outbreak killed more than 11,000 people from 2014 to 2016.

Day by day, reports by health organizations note one new difficulty after another in this latest outbreak, even as their work sets milestones that have given new hope in the fight against one of the world's most notorious diseases.

More than 37,000 people have received Ebola vaccinations, and Congo has begun the first-ever trial to test the effectiveness and safety of four experimental Ebola drugs. And yet the risk of Ebola spreading in so-called "red zones" - areas that are virtually inaccessible because of the threat of rebel groups - is a major concern in containing this outbreak.

"This tragic milestone clearly demonstrates the complexity and severity of the outbreak. While the numbers are far from those from West Africa in 2014, we're witnessing how the dynamics of conflict pose a different kind of threat," said Michelle Gayer, senior director of emergency health at the International Rescue Committee.

In a major concern for health workers, many new cases have been unconnected to known infections as the insecurity complicates efforts to track contacts of those with the disease.

The alarmingly high number of infected newborns in this outbreak is another concern, and so far a mystery. In a separate statement on Thursday, WHO said so far 36 Ebola cases have been reported among newborn babies and children under 2.

As the need for help in containing the outbreak grows, two of the world's most prominent medical journals this week published statements by global health experts urging the Trump administration to do more.

In the Journal of the American Medical Association, one group noted that the U.S. government weeks ago ordered all Centers for Disease Control and Prevention personnel - "some of the world's most experienced outbreak experts" - from Congo's outbreak zone because of security concerns.

A separate statement published in the New England Journal of Medicine said: "Given the worsening of the outbreak, we believe it's essential that these security concerns be addressed and that CDC staff return to the field."

This is the first time this turbulent part of northeastern Congo has had an Ebola outbreak. Congo's health ministry has carried vivid accounts of residents, spurred by rumors, who have been trying to stop safe burial practices that halt the spread of Ebola from victims to relatives and friends.

On Thursday, the ministry said a group of youths broke into a morgue, stole the body of an Ebola victim and returned it to their family.

___

Follow Africa news at https://twitter.com/AP_Africa

COMMENTS

More Related News

Congo wants more use of Merck vaccine rather than J&J newcomer: minister
Congo wants more use of Merck vaccine rather than J&J newcomer: minister

Both vaccines are experimental drugs that can be used under strictly controlled research protocols but Merck's has been used throughout the outbreak and has proven highly effective, the World Health Organization (WHO) says. Congolese Health Minister Oly Ilunga Kalenga told reporters in Geneva that the government would roll out a "geographic ring" vaccination strategy in the coming days. "You have to consider the household as the case and then vaccinate all the households around the case." The virus has killed 1,223 of the 1,847 people who have fallen ill, making it the second-worst Ebola outbreak on record.

Venezuela turns to Russia, Cuba, China in health crisis
Venezuela turns to Russia, Cuba, China in health crisis

Venezuelans have been suffering dire shortages of medicines and health equipment for several years as it has spiraled into economic chaos and political conflict. The opposition blames that on economic incompetence and corruption by the leftist movement in power for two decades, but Maduro says U.S. economic sanctions are the cause. In Geneva for a World Health Organization (WHO) assembly, Health Minister Carlos Alvarado said Western sanctions had led to the freezing of 5 billion euros ($5.6 billion)in assets, including gold in the Bank of England and funds in major institutions like Citibank.

Surprise! When Los Angeles cleaned up its air, childhood asthma cases dropped
Surprise! When Los Angeles cleaned up its air, childhood asthma cases dropped

Breathing in toxic fumes every day is bad for you, and when you take those fumes away, you feel better. That's the gist of a new study published in JAMA, which came to the rather obvious conclusion that kids in Los Angeles exhibited elevated risk of developing asthma because the city used to sit in a massive cloud of car exhaust.The research, which is actually rather interesting despite seeming a bit obvious, suggests that smog levels in Los Angeles had a direct correlation with the number of cases of childhood asthma. Using data gathered from 1993 through 2014, the paper points to improved air quality levels in a number of communities as being the reason for an overall decrease in the...

The Latest: US backs reform efforts at UN health agency
The Latest: US backs reform efforts at UN health agency

LONDON (AP) - The Latest on the World Health Organization trying to rein in travel abuses (all times local):

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked with *

Cancel reply

Comments

Top News: Economy

facebook
Hit "Like"
Don't miss any important news
Thanks, you don't need to show me this anymore.