As U.S. hits 10,000 monkeypox cases, CDC still aims for "containment"




  • In Health
  • 2022-08-11 13:34:00Z
  • By CBS News

More than 10,000 Americans have now tested positive in the monkeypox outbreak across the U.S., according to figures published late Wednesday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as federal health officials say they are still racing to contain the virus.

Cases have been reported in every state but Wyoming while 15 states and the District of Columbia have reported more than a hundred cases. The largest numbers are in New York, California and Florida.

No U.S. deaths have so far been reported, out of the 12 monkeypox fatalities the World Health Organization has tallied so far this year.

Health officials say the virus is mostly spreading through close interactions between men who have sex with men, either through direct skin-to-skin contact or shared linens like towels and bedding.

However, the CDC has tallied at least 50 cases in people who were female at birth, including at least one pregnant woman. A handful of suspected infections have also been spotted in young children, although health authorities recently said some may have actually been false positives.

What's it like having monkeypox? Man documented his symptoms and illness on TikTok

Federal health authorities have warned for weeks that they expected the U.S. outbreak to accelerate through August, especially as availability of testing ramped up, following the course of some other European countries that saw cases swell earlier in the year.

The U.S. has reported the most infections of any country in the world since late July. The American sum of cases is now roughly double the size of Spain, the European nation that had previously reported the most cases ahead of Germany and the United Kingdom.

The pace of new cases now appears to be slowing in some countries abroad. When measured relative to the size of each nation's population, the CDC's tally is still smaller than in those European nations, though the accelerating U.S. outbreak now appears on pace to eclipse those rates too.

For states with more than 25 cases, CDC officials recently estimated that the pace of new monkeypox infections is doubling every 8.6 days on average.

On Wednesday, 1,391 new cases were reported nationwide to the CDC - the largest single-day increase so far. The first known case in the current U.S. outbreak was reported in mid-May.

"We are still operating under a containment goal, although I know many states are starting to wonder if we're shifting to more of a mitigation phase right now, given that our case counts are still rising rapidly," Jennifer McQuiston, the CDC's top monkeypox official, told a group of the agency's outside advisers on Tuesday.

That effort might get easier over the coming weeks, following a move by the Food and Drug Administration this week to grant emergency use authorization to a method of using smaller doses of the Jynneos monkeypox vaccine that could effectively multiply the U.S. supply of the shots.

By administering these smaller doses between the skin's layers, instead of deeper into the arm, authorities say it may be possible to vaccinate up to five times as many people with each vial and still yield a "nearly identical" immune response.

However, the CDC has long warned there was limited data showing how effective the Jynneos vaccine is at actually curbing monkeypox disease and transmission - urging those vaccinated to continue taking "steps to protect themselves from infection" during the outbreak.

The agency has previously reported on a handful of reports of reported breakthrough infections following at least one shot of the two-dose Jynneos vaccine. Early data from France, where the vaccine is branded as Imvanex, also tallied breakthrough infections.

Local health officials caution it will take time for them to ramp up the new "intradermal" approach to vaccinations, which relies on different needles and procedures than the traditional "subcutaneous" shot.

"We won't just sort of say 'start.' We will make sure people will have updated provider agreements, updated training requirements, all of this. And you know, our first call with the CDC about this is on Friday, just to give you a sense that this is a process. It's not, 'here's the EUA, go'," Dr. Allison Arwady, Chicago's top health official.

Arwady, who is the vice chair of the Big Cities Health Coalition, estimated that around the country it could take up to three weeks for local health departments to begin the new dose-sparing approach.

Citing limited supply, the CDC currently says it does not encourage "mass vaccination for the general public or for all sexually active people." Instead, the agency says shots should be prioritized first for people with HIV, pregnant and very young people, and others who are considered at high risk for severe disease.

But with supply now growing in the wake of the FDA's move, McQuiston said the CDC might soon move to expand eligibility for the shots to broader groups of people.

Activists protest to demand an increase in monkeypox vaccines and treatments, in San Francisco, California, on Aug.
Activists protest to demand an increase in monkeypox vaccines and treatments, in San Francisco, California, on Aug.  

Officials are also weighing use of the older ACAM2000 vaccine, despite concerns that it carries some more side effects and risks than Jynneos.

"There are millions of doses of ACAM2000 in the system. And some of our modeling here at CDC suggests that it could play an important role in bringing this outbreak to a close, if it was used carefully," said McQuiston.

John Bolton allegedly targeted after U.S. killed top Iranian general

Gadgets and apps that can help find lost items

Exclusive summer discounts from "CBS Mornings Deals"

COMMENTS

More Related News

Blinken to woo Latin America
Blinken to woo Latin America's new leftist leaders, reassert U.S. commitment

Secretary of State Antony Blinken heads to Latin America on Monday to reassert Washington's commitment to the region and meet with three new leftist leaders,...

Supreme Court
Supreme Court's top cases for new term, new Justice Jackson
  • US
  • 2022-10-01 12:24:01Z

The Supreme Court opens its new term Monday, hearing arguments for the first time after a summer break and with new Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson. Already...

U.S. has much to gain from Nord Stream damage, Russia says at U.N.
U.S. has much to gain from Nord Stream damage, Russia says at U.N.

The Russian ambassador to the United Nations on Friday told the Security Council that the U.S. has much to gain in gas trade from damage to the Nord Stream...

U.S. oil & gas rig quarterly growth slowest in two years -Baker Hughes
U.S. oil & gas rig quarterly growth slowest in two years -Baker Hughes

U.S. energy firms this week added oil and natural gas rigs for a third week in a row, but growth in the third quarter slowed due to recession fears and...

Fewer trips for China
Fewer trips for China's Golden Week amid quarantine fears
  • US
  • 2022-09-30 09:20:17Z

While China's top leaders commemorated revolutionary martyrs Friday, far fewer Chinese are expected to be traveling during the upcoming "Golden Week...

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked with *

Cancel reply

Comments

Top News: Health